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Seong Ki Ahn 5 Articles
Arnold-Chiari Type 1 Malformation Mimicking Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo
Young Chul Kim, Chae Dong Yim, Hyun Jin Lee, Dong Gu Hur, Seong Ki Ahn
Res Vestib Sci. 2019;18(3):87-90.   Published online September 15, 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.21790/rvs.2019.18.3.87
  • 6,116 View
  • 177 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Arnold-Chiari malformation type 1 is a congenital disease characterized by herniation of the cerebellar tonsils through the foramen magnum. Most common clinical symptom is pain, including occipital headache and neck pain, upper limb pain exacerbated by physical activity or valsalva maneuvers. Various otoneurological manifestations also occur in patients with the disease, which has usually associated with dizziness, vomiting, dysphagia, poor hand coordination, unsteady gait, numbness. Patients with Arnold-Chiari malformation may develop vertigo after spending some time with their head inclined on their trunk. Positional and down-beating nystagmus are common forms of nystagmus in them. We experienced a 12-year-old female who presented complaining of vertigo related to changes in head position which was initially misdiagnosed as a benign paroxysmal positional vertigo.
A Case of Sensorineural Hearing Loss and Vertigo during Epidural Nerve Block
Byeong Min Lee, Jin hong Noh, Seong Ki Ahn, Hyun Woo Park
Res Vestib Sci. 2018;17(4):170-174.   Published online December 21, 2018
DOI: https://doi.org/10.21790/rvs.2018.17.4.170
  • 4,661 View
  • 78 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Epidural anesthesia has significantly advanced in neuraxial anesthesia and analgesia. It is used for surgical anaesthesia and treatment of chronic pain. Hearing loss during or after epidural anesthesia is rare, and it is known to occur by the change of the intracranial pressure. Cerebrospinal fluid is connected with perilymph in the cochlear and vestibule that is important to hearing and balance. If the intracranial pressure is abruptly transferred to the inner ear, perilymph can be leak, that called perilymphatic fistula, dizziness, and hearing loss can occur suddenly. We report a 65-year-old woman who presented with acute onset dizziness and hearing loss during the epidural nerve block for back pain, wherein we speculated a possibility of perilymphatic fistula as the mechanism of hearing loss and dizziness. The mechanism of dizziness and hearing loss was suspected with perilymphatic fistula.
Incidence of Progression into Ménière Disease from Idiopathic Sudden Sensorineural Hearing Loss: Midterm Follow-up Study
Byeong Min Lee, Jin Hyun Seo, Hyun Woo Park, Hyun Jin Lee, Dong Gu Hur, Seong Ki Ahn
Res Vestib Sci. 2018;17(3):95-101.   Published online September 18, 2018
DOI: https://doi.org/10.21790/rvs.2018.17.3.95
  • 5,797 View
  • 178 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
Ménière disease is a clinical syndrome characterized by the four major symptoms of episodic vertigo, sensorineural hearing loss, tinnitus, and aural fullness. Sensorineural hearing loss, especially low frequency, is the characteristic type of audiogram in Ménière's disease. However, it is difficult to distinguish idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss (ISSNHL) with vertigo from the first attack of Ménière disease. The purpose of this study was to investigate the incidence of progression into Ménière Disease from low frequency ISSNHL.
Methods
Two hundred eighty-three patients were included in this study. We classified the patients with ISSNHL according to the hearing loss in audiogram and analyzed how many of them actually progressed to Ménière disease based on diagnosis criteria.
Results
Among the 240 patients, 37.1% (89 patients) were confirmed low frequency ISSNHL and 14.6% (13 patients) of them were diagnosed with Meniere disease.
Conclusions
This study showed that the progression from low frequency ISSNHL to Ménière disease was higher than other frequency ISSNHL, as in other studies.
A case of sensorineural hearing loss and vertigo during epidural nerve block
Byeong min Lee, Jin hong Noh, Seong ki Ahn, Hyun woo Park
Received October 11, 2018  Accepted December 4, 2018  Published online December 4, 2018  
   [Accepted]
  • 1,399 View
  • 0 Download
AbstractAbstract
Epidural anesthesia has significantly advanced in neuraxial anesthesia and analgesia. It is used for surgical anaesthesia and treatment of chronic pain. Hearing loss during or after epidural anesthesia is rare, and it is known to occur by the change of the intracranial pressure. Cerebrospinal fluid is connected with perilymph in the cochlear and vestibule that is important to hearing and balance. If the intracranial pressure is abruptly transferred to the inner ear, perilymph can be leak, that called perilymphatic fistula, dizziness and hearing loss can occur suddenly. We report a 65-year-old women who presented with acute onset dizziness and hearing loss during the epidural nerve block for back pain, wherein we speculated a possibility of perilymphatic fistula as the mechanism of hearing loss and dizziness. The mechanism of dizziness and hearing loss was suspected with perilymphatic fistula.
Correlation between Rotating Chair Test and Dizziness Handicap Inventory in Patients with Acute Unilateral Vestibular Neuritis
Hyeong Joo Lee, Jin Yong Kim, Dong Gu Hur, Seong Ki Ahn
Res Vestib Sci. 2016;15(2):51-54.   Published online June 15, 2016
  • 2,657 View
  • 83 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
OBJECTIVE: Vestibular neuritis (VN) is one of the most common causes of acute spontaneous vertigo. However, such dizziness symptoms in patients with VN vary among patients, and various methods are used to evaluate subjective vestibular symptoms following attack of VN. Studies on correlation between subjective vestibular symptom changes and result of rotation chair test after vestibular rehabilitation therapy (VRT) have not been reported. Therefore, we compared change of dizziness handicap inventory (DHI) and results of rotation chair test in patients with VN between attack and 3 month later following VRT.
METHODS
Forty-seven patients were included in this study. In patients with VN, DHI and rotation chair test were performed at the time of VN attack and recovery time of 3 months after VN attack.
RESULTS
In general, the DHI score and the percentage of directional preponderance (DP) in a rotation chair test performed on patients with VN have all decreased. However, the changes in these results were not statistically significant. DP% difference and DHI score were compared to each other among patients with VN and showed no relational significance to each other (r=0.326).
CONCLUSION
The degree of improvement in a rotation chair test done on patients with VN did not reflect the severity of improvement for symptom like dizziness.

Res Vestib Sci : Research in Vestibular Science